One of the main environmental problems on which the project is focused is climate change minimisation. The production and use of biodiesel as a fuel ensures sustainable use of renewable fuel source by contributing to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions.
Energy consumption and renewable energy issues are of great relevance in today's society. The production of biofuels in the EU and Spain is quite far from the target values set by EU directives demonstrating the need to increase biofuels production, mainly biodiesel. Consequently, an efficient and environmentally sustainable production of biofuels is an important contribution to improving the level of sustainability in the transport sector and energy efficiency of society in general.
One of the most contentious issues that influence the production of biodiesel is the availability of raw materials at a reasonable cost to ensure the viability of the production of this biofuel. Therefore, studying the feedstock of UCO is considered a key factor in minimizing the necessity of land areas and water required for energy crops, as well as reducing the problem generated by the massive presence of residual oils in urban wastewater.
Additionally, the project represents a special contribution to the implementation and enforcement of existing European policies and legislation related to waste management and renewable energy production and consumption. The contribution of the project in terms of environmental legislation lies in the possibility to influence the improvement of UCO collection system, waste that is subjected to the European Directive 2008/98/EC. At the same time, the project will involve an increase in biodiesel production, encouraging the production of renewable sustainable energy involving a net reduction of greenhouse gases emissions without having a negative impact on biodiversity and land use, as established by Directive 2009/28/EC.
The EDUCO project aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a collection system of used cooking oil (UCO) in educational centres to be used as raw material for biodiesel production. At the same time, the project will promote the use of renewable energy and contribute to the long-term replacement of fossil fuels by biofuels, such as biodiesel. Consequently, it will allow the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases.
The main specific objectives are:
·Design and construction of a pilot plant for waste oil treatment.
·Adaptation and optimization of an existing pilot plant to produce biodiesel from used oil.
·Design of a specific container to collect used cooking oil.
·Awareness and sensitization of students on the importance of collecting used cooking oil. For more information about the educational project: www.doliabio.net
·Promote the integration of people at risk of social exclusion.
The main results of the project will be the sizing, construction, adaptation and optimization of an innovative system for the collection of used cooking oil and its treatment for biodiesel production by cavitation technology. The specific results are:
·Construction of a pilot plant for the treatment of the oil and cleaning of the containers.
·Adaptation and optimization of an existing pilot plant for the production of biodiesel.
·Increase the collection of used cooking oil in educational centres from Catalonia.
·Design and produce a specific container to collect UCO.
·Contributing to decreasing CO2 emissions.
·Production and use of biodiesel in the fleet of vehicles used for the collection of oils.
·Creation of new jobs in a special work centre.
B. Implementation actions
B.1 Preliminary evaluations
B.2 Design of a specific container to collect and store used cooking oil for the pilot plant
B.3 Design and operation of a pilot plant for oil cleaning process
B.4 Adequacy and operation of a biodiesel production pilot plant
B.5 Pilot project
B.6 Feasibility of the project on environmental, economic and technical criteria
C. Monitoring of the impact of the project actions
D. Communication and dissemination actions